• No results found

describes the method used to determine values to the samples used in the ADAG study. Well documented HbA1 c value determination of the samples in the

ADAG study traceable to the IFCC reference method is very important. This HbA1c

value determination, using certified IFCC secondary reference methods and material, is described and the effect of additional off-line calibration was investigated in an attempt to explore the possibilities of improvement of the uncertainty expressed in 95% Cl between the four IFCC secondary reference methods.

In chapters 3 to 6 the analytical performance of 8 different HbA1c point-of-care instruments was studied. This performance was studied, since according to Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CUA) rules, users of point-of-care instruments are not obliged to join external quality schemes and as a result, there is no real notion of the performance of these instruments. Recently, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has advocated the use of HbA1c for the diagnosis of diabetes. Therefore it was of utmost importance to know the analytical performance of these instruments.

In chapter 7 the analytical performance of a new laboratory based HbA1c method (Arkray ADAMS HA-8180 HPLC) was studied.

When the ADA proposed to use HbA1c as discerning marker for the diagnosis of diabetes, there was considerable apprehension regarding the consequences of the use of poorly performing HbA1c methods for the diagnosis of diabetes. External Quality Assurance Schemes give information on the "analytical performance on average" of different HbA1c methods but do not give insight in the analytical performance of individually laboratories using various methods. In chapter 8 attention for this point is asked.

Chapter 9 also focuses on the potential role of point-of-care testing of HbA1c and glucose in the diagnosis of pre-diabetes and diabetes. It gives an overview of the principles, pitfalls and analytical performance of glucose and HbA1c point-of-care testing and summarises the studies that have applied point-of-care testing of glucose and HbA1c in the diagnosis of (pre-) diabetes.

As mentioned before, External Quality Assurance Schemes give information on the

"analytical performance on average" of different HbA1c methods. CVa of 220 individual laboratories using various HbA1c methods were obtained, and the RCV was calculated. Data are presented in Chapter 10.

Guidelines in the management of the patients with diabetes are well documented and are presumed to be widely used by all health care professionals dealing with the treatment of diabetes. In chapter 1 1 we discuss the findings of a survey distributed among health care professionals regarding their attitudes towards cut-off points for treatment decisions in diabetes mellitus based on HbA1c.

In chapter 12 the summary and conclusions of this thesis and the recommendations and future perspectives are provided.


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Hemoglobin A


determination in the A1c-Derived